Writer’s manual

Please read this manual thoroughly before handing in materials to Passé.  You may also look through the previous issues of Passé for a complementary example. If you have any doubts or questions regarding the writer’s manual, please contact the editorial board at tidsskriftetpasse@gmail.com

Who can contribute?: Every student of history at the University of Copenhagen can contribute.

Level of expertise/professionalism: All kinds of writing pertaining to history or the study thereof are welcome. There is thus no limitation in time or space. We do not accept papers/essays in unedited form. Papers must be rewritten in such a way that they are readable for the general student with no prior knowledge of the given subject.

Genre: Passé will receive any kind of genre of text or image: Articles, debates, reviews, poetry, comics, satiredrawings and any other media that is eligible for print in our format (21x21cm). Please note that the content must to be recognizable as relevant to the subject of history.

If you are in doubt whether or not your material is eligible for entering Passé, please contact the editorial board at tidsskriftetpasse@gmail.com

Extent: Academic articles must not exceed 10 pages of 2400 units per page (max. 24.000 units). All unit-types are included, also the introductory paragraph and footnotes. Every other kind of contribution must not exceed 5 pages (max. 12.000 units). We recommend all contributors to write as concise as possible.

Format: All contributions must be handed in in a Word-compatible format with font size 12 Times new Roman. We recommend that articles are compartmentalized into shorter paragraphs with a paragraph-title for each. All titles must also be size 12 Times new Roman. Do not use columns or any other forms of additional formats. Use italics with consideration, only when it is absolutely necessary, or when using foreign language words or expressions.

Introductory paragraph: All academic articles must be supplied with an introductory paragraph, which, in 3-5 lines of text, shortly recaps the subject and content of the article. Other kinds of material do not need this paragraph. Reviews must, instead, be supplied with the full bibliographic note on the subject reviewed (title, writer, page numbers and other relevant information)

Citations: Citations should not be put in italics. A citation should be surrounded by a single mark (‘), that is placed after the dot or comma. For example:

‘The British Empire was the nearest thing there has ever been to a world government.’

If you wish to highlight a word, this should be surrounded with a doublemark (“). For example:

‘All in all, Fukuyama’s concept of the End of History has the air of being just a clever “catchphrase”.’

References: All references are to be written in a footnote in accordance with the examples below. The reference mark is placed after the dot, if the reference concerns the whole sentence. For example:

States are considered as unitary actors with anthropomorphic qualities such as interests and identities.9

If the reference is for only a part of the sentence, the reference-mark should be placed immediately after what the reference is for. For example:

It is the historical mission of the proletariat24 as the oppressed class to liberate itself in a class struggle against the bourgeoisie.

The first time a work (book, article or otherwise) is referenced, the full bibliographic detail must be provided in the note. Later references for the same work are put in a short form, like the following examples:

Book long form, first presented: John Gillingham, European Integration, 1950-2003. Superstate or New Market Economy? (New York: Cambridge University Press 2003), p. 5.
Book short form: Gillingham, European Integration, p. 5.

Chapter in a book, long form, first presented: N. Piers Ludlow, “From Deadlock to Dynamism”, i Desmond Dinan (ed.), Origins and Evolution of the European Union. (New York: Oxford University Press 2006), p. 222.
Chapter in a book, short form: Ludlow, “From Deadlock to Dynamism”, p. 222.

Article long form, first presented: Maria Green Cowles, “Setting the Agenda for a New Europe: The ERT and EC 1992”, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 33, no. 4 (Dec 1995), p. 501-526.
Article short form: Cowles, “Setting the Agenda”, p. 501-526.

We recommend using ibid whenever possible: Ibid, p. 5

As the full bibliographic detail is presented in the footnotes, a bibliography shall not be provided.

Illustrations: We recommend that the contributors find 1-3 illustrations suitable for their subject. The editorial board of Passé may discard illustrations if the quality is considered too low and unsuitable for print: Always look for high resolution pictures, and scan drawings and photos at 300 dpi or highest resolution possible. Illustrations should not be integrated into the text, but must be handed in separately from the text as an attachment in the e-mail. Each picture must have a short subject-relevant description along with a note of its source. The contributors are responsible that copyright infringements are not present. We recommend finding and sourcing pictures from Wikimedia commons at wikimedia.commons.org, where risk of infringement is low. Illustrations, as all other types of graphic content, are printed in black and white, so your content must be compatible with this. Please note that colored illustrations will be converted into black and white.

Handing in materials: Make sure that you have read your contribution thoroughly before handing it in. We do not accept half-finished materials or works in progress. All contributions are mailed to tidsskriftetpasse@gmail.com supplied with the author’s contact details.

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